EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa Airport

Helsinki-Vantaa Airport is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland. It is located in Vantaa,  north of Helsinki city centre. Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport served 14,865,871 passengers in 2011 and it is the fourth largest airport in the Nordic countries. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies who operate at this airport.

The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland’s airports. Helsinki Airport was chosen as the best airport in the world in the IATA 1999 survey on the topic. In 2006 the global airport customer satisfaction survey AETRA ranked Helsinki Airport one of the best airports worldwide and according to Association of European Airlines 2005 delay rates, Helsinki Airport was the most punctual airport in Europe.

The airport is the international and domestic hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier. It is also the hub for Blue1, the Finnish regional division of SAS. Low cost carrier Norwegian Air Shuttle and Flybe Finland are based at Helsinki Airport as well.

Charts & Notams

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EFHK Charts

EFHK Notams

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Scenery

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Local Regulations

Departure

Planning

In Helsinki SID does not connect straight to SID so you have to make a direct from the last point of the SID to the first fix of your route. SID should not be included in the flight plan as it is subject to change according to the runway in use. This kind of SID system is done so every SID can be named individually for each runway to avoid confusion.

All flights shall be planned to depart via following waypoints:

  • ADIVO
  • ARVEP
  • DOBAN
  • IDEPI
  • KUVEM
  • NEPEK
  • NUNTO
  • RENKU
  • TEVRU

IFR clearance

At first contact with Clearance Delivery state type of aircraft and latest received ATIS transmission including identification letter and QNH.

If a different runway than the runway-in-use is required for performance reasons, this request shall be made in when requesting clearance.

If unable to follow FMS/RNAV SID, inform ATC when requesting clearance.

Note that unless otherwise instructed, aircraft cleared via SID shall climb to 4000 ft. This altitude is not included in the clearance because it is stated in the SID charts.

Your clearance will include the departure runway, standard departure route (radar heading if unable RNAV SID) and your TMA exit point. Note that the SID name does not match with the first waypoint in your flight plan, as the routes differ for each runway to minimize the risk of choosing a wrong SID.

“FIN8NY, cleared Stockholm Arlanda via runway 22R. VAGIP 1N departure, then waypoint ADIVO. squawk 1412. QNH 1013.”

“SAS709, cleared Stockholm Arlanda via runway 22R. After departure fly heading 280, climb to altitude 4000 ft, radar vectors to ADIVO. squawk 1412, QNH 1013.” 

After completing the SID, you may proceed direct to the TMA exit point (the first waypoint in your filed flight plan route). If unable RNAV SID, ATC will vector you to the TMA exit.

 

Use of transponder

The assigned transponder code shall be selected and the transponder mode C activated at the request for push-back. After landing, the transponder mode C shall remain activated until reaching the parking stand and switched off immediately after parking.

 

Push-back

Contact Helsinki Ground for start-up and push back clearance. The stand of the aircraft shall be stated in the initial contact with the ATC unit.

Taxi

Taxiing on the apron is always subject to instructions. When taxiing on the apron the aircraft shall follow the yellow taxiing guide lines. Unless otherwise stated by ATC. For example shortcut from Y to ZD might be given where you can taxi straight from Y to ZD without following yellow line.
Apron Spots will be used as co-ordination points for both inbound and outbound traffic to/from aprons. Additionally they will ease runway 04R/22L crossings.
Do not cross a runway until clearance to do so has been issued by ATC.
Aircraft landing on runway 22L shall not vacate runway via taxiway ZG unless otherwise instructed by ATC.

Takeoff and climb

After takeoff aircraft shall remain on Tower frequency until passing 1500 ft and then contact Helsinki radar. Tower may include the frequency on takeoff clearance but if he doesn’t you have to go automatically to radar frequency after 1500ft. When contacting Helsinki radar state your altitude and assigned SID.

If unable to follow FMS/RNAV SID or you are departing on a heading, report your heading to Radar on first contact.

 

Arrival

Traffic arriving at EFHK are informed of the runway in use and cleared for the STAR for the arrival runway. Traffic unable to follow the STAR aircraft are cleared for vectors.

Aircraft can expect approach via STAR for ILS approach or visual approach. If required aircraft can be also vectored.

Due to the VFR traffic flying below IFR traffic, an aircraft carrying out visual approach shall maintain an altitude of at least 600 M (2000 FT) MSL until DME 7 HEL and being established on final. Unless otherwise instructed by ATC.

During peak performance Parallel approaches will be used for runways 04L/04R or 22L/22R.

Pilots will be informed regarding dependent or independent parallel approaches on voice atis 135.070. When using parallel approaches, the ATIS broadcast will contain the following information: Simultaneous [dependent/independent] IFR approaches in progress (on runways 22R and 22L (04R and 04L)).

Phraseology

When contacting Helsinki radar for the first time state: aircraft type, information letter, altitude and STAR or heading you have been assigned.

In order to avoid frequency congestion, when changing from HELSINKI RADAR frequency to HELSINKI ARRIVAL frequency, state only: HELSINKI ARRIVAL + [call sign]

When changing from approach control frequency to tower frequency, state only: HELSINKI TOWER + [call sign] +RUNWAY (number)

Taxi

Pilots are reminded that rapid exit from the runway enables ATC to apply minimum spacing on final approach that will achieve maximum runway utilisation and will minimize the occurrence of go arounds.

After landing on 22L/04R, you can continue taxi left on Z after vacating the runway so you don’t block the exit for the next arrival.

The aircraft vacating runway have priority to other taxiing traffic.

Aircraft using RWY 04R/22L or 15/33 for landing shall contact HELSINKI GROUND 121.800 MHZ immediately after vacating the runway for taxi clearance within the ATC Service Boundary. Aircraft vacating RWY 04L/22R shall remain on the appropriate TWR frequency unless otherwise instructedby ATC.
Aircraft landed at runway 22L shall not vacate runway via taxiway ZG unless otherwise instructed by ATC.

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